2020 State and Local Ballot Measures

SELECTED STATE BALLOT MEASURES

Initiatives, referenda, amendments and propositions are on the ballot in several states and localities. Below is a listing of qualified select ballot measures at the state level.

Disclaimer: The selected measures listed are not final and are subject to changes, additions, and eliminations. 

 

For additional information, please contact Meghan Holihan at msh@stateside.com

Last Updated: 11/24/2020 at 2:10PM EST

State Title/Name Summary Date Results
Maine Question 1 This referendum would prevent the Act To Protect Maine Children and Students from Preventable Diseases by Repealing Certain Exemptions from the Laws Governing Immunization Requirements from taking effect in September 2020. If enacted, this law would eliminate religious and philosophical exemptions from vaccine requirements. 3/3/2020 Failed
Oklahoma State Question 802 This constitutional amendment would expand Medicaid eligibility statewide to adults between 18 and 65 whose income is 133% of the federal poverty level or below. 6/30/2020 Passed
Maine Question 1 This bond measure would authorize $15 million in general obligation bonds for the ConnectME Authority to provide funding for high-speed internet infrastructure in the underserved and unserved areas of the state. 7/14/2020 Passed
Missouri Amendment 2 This amendment would expand Medicaid for persons 19 to 64 years old with an income level at or below 133% of the federal poverty level, as set forth in the Affordable Care Act. 8/4/2020 Passed
Alaska 19AKBE This act would create an open nonpartisan primary where all candidates would appear on one ballot; Candidates could choose to have a political party preference listed next to their name or be listed as “undeclared” or “nonpartisan.” This act would also establish ranked-choice voting for the general election. This act would also require additional disclosures for contributions to independent expenditure groups and relating to the sources of contributions. 11/3/2020 Passed
Alaska 19OGTX This act would change the oil and gas production tax for areas of the North Slope where a company produced more than 40,000 barrels of oil per day in the prior year and more than 400 million barrels total. The new areas would be divided up based on “fields, units, and nonunitized reservoirs” that meet the production threshold. The act does not define these terms. For any areas that meet the production threshold, the tax would be the greater of one of two new taxes. 11/3/2020 Failed
Arizona Proposition 207 This measure would legalize marijuana use and cultivation for persons who are at least 21 years old. This measure - among other items - creates a 16% tax on sales, bans marijuana smoking in public, and allows for individuals to petition the court to have previous records expunged. 11/3/2020 Passed
Arizona Proposition 208 This measure would increase income tax by 3.5% on single persons or persons filing separately making over $250,000 and married persons filing jointly making over $500,000 annually. 11/3/2020 Passed
Arkansas Arkansas Term Limits Amendment This ballot measure would implement term limits to 12 consecutive years for state legislators. 11/3/2020 Passed
Arkansas A Constitutional Amendment To Amend The Process For The Submission, Challenge, And Approval Of Proposed Initiated Acts, Constitutional Amendments, And Referenda This amendment would make various changes to procedures including moving the filing deadline for initiative petitions up to January 15; increasing the petition signature county threshold; removing the procedure to amend a submitted petition; extending all deadlines if deadlines occur on a legal holiday or weekend; and increasing the number of votes in the General Assembly to propose a constitutional amendment. 11/3/2020 Failed
California Proposition 25 This ballot measure would prevent a 2018 law that replaces the money bail system with a system for pretrial release from jail based on a determination of public safety or flight risk, and limits pretrial detention for most misdemeanors from going into effect. 11/3/2020 Failed
California Proposition 20 This initiative would impose restrictions on parole program for non-violent offenders who have completed the full term for their primary offense. Expands list of offenses that disqualify an inmate from this parole program. 11/3/2020 Failed
California Proposition 15 This initiative would tax certain commercial and industrial real property based on fair-market value—rather than, under current law, the purchase price with limited inflation. Exempts agricultural property and certain small businesses. 11/3/2020 Failed
California Proposition 21 This initiative would amend state law to allow local governments to establish rent control on residential properties over 15 years old. It would allow rent increases on rent-controlled properties of up to 15% over three years from previous tenant’s rent above any increase allowed by local ordinance. It would exempt individuals who own no more than two homes from new rent-control policies. 11/3/2020 Failed
California Proposition 22 This initiative would establish different criteria for determining whether app-based transportation (rideshare) and delivery drivers are “employees” or “independent contractors.” Independent contractors are not entitled to certain state-law protections afforded employees—including minimum wage, overtime, unemployment insurance, and workers’ compensation. Instead, companies with independent contractor drivers will be required to provide specified alternative benefits, including: minimum compensation and healthcare subsidies based on engaged driving time, vehicle insurance, safety training, and sexual harassment policies. 11/3/2020 Passed
California Proposition 23 This initiative would require at least one licensed physician on site during treatment at outpatient kidney dialysis clinics. It would require clinics to report dialysis-related infection data to state and federal governments. It would prohibit clinics from discriminating against patients based on the source of payment for care. 11/3/2020 Failed
California Proposition 24 This initiative would permit consumers to: (1) prevent businesses from sharing personal information; (2) correct inaccurate personal information; and (3) limit businesses’ use of “sensitive personal information”—such as precise geolocation; race; ethnicity; religion; genetic data; union membership; private communications; and certain sexual orientation, health, and biometric information. Changes criteria for which businesses must comply with these laws. Prohibits businesses’ retention of personal information for longer than reasonably necessary. Triples maximum penalties for violations concerning consumers under age 16. Establishes California Privacy Protection Agency to enforce and implement consumer privacy laws, and impose administrative fines. 11/3/2020 Passed
California Proposition 16 This amendment would repeal provisions in the state's Constitution that prohibit the state from discriminating against, or granting preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting. The California Constitution defines the state for these purposes to include the state, any city, county, public university system, community college district, school district, special district, or any other political subdivision or governmental instrumentality of, or within, the state. This measure would repeal these provisions. The measure would also make a statement of legislative findings in this regard. 11/3/2020 Failed
California Proposition 18 This amendment would give 17 year olds the right to vote beginning in the next general election cycle. 11/3/2020 Failed
Colorado Proposition 113 This referendum would approve a bill that makes Colorado a member of the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, giving all of Colorado's electoral votes to the presidential candidate who receive the most votes nationwide. This is dependent on the Compact becoming effective. 11/3/2020 Passed
Colorado Proposition EE This referendum would approve a bill that imposes a tax on nicotine liquids used in e-cigarettes and other vaping products that is equal to the total state tax on tobacco products when fully phase in. It also establishes a minimum price for cigarettes. 11/3/2020 Passed
Colorado Proposition 116 This initiative would reduce the state income tax rate from 4.63% to 4.55%. 11/3/2020 Passed
Colorado Proposition 118 This initiative would create a paid family and medical leave program consisting, among other requirements, of a maximum of 12 weeks of family and medical leave, with an additional 4 weeks for pregnancy or childbirth complications, for a covered employee who has a serious health condition, is caring for a new child or for a family member with a serious health condition, or has a need for leave related to a family member’s military deployment or for safe leave; requiring job protection for and prohibiting retaliation against an employee who takes paid family and medical leave. 11/3/2020 Passed
Florida Amendment 3 This amendment would allow all registered voters to vote in primaries for state legislature, governor, and cabinet regardless of political party affiliation. This amendment would also place all candidates for an office, including party nominated candidates, on the same primary ballot with the top two highest vote getters advancing to the general election. 11/3/2020 Failed
Florida Amendment 2 This amendment would raise the state minimum wage to $10.00 per hour effective September 30, 2021. Each September 30 thereafter, the state minimum wage would increase by $1.00 per hour until the minimum wage reaches $15.00 per hour on September 30, 2026. 11/3/2020 Passed
Florida Amendment 4 This amendment would require all proposed amendments or revisions to the state constitution to be approved by the voters in two elections, instead of one, in order to take effect. It applies the current thresholds for passage to each of the two elections. 11/3/2020 Failed
Illinois Amendment 1 This amendment would repeal the state's constitutional requirement that the state personal income tax be a flat rate. This amendment would allow the state to enact legislation for a graduated income tax. 11/3/2020 Failed
Louisiana Amendment No. 2 This amendment would specify that the presence or production of oil or gas may be included in the methodology when determining the fair market value of an oil or gas well for the purpose of ad valorem taxes. 11/3/2020 Passed
Maryland SB 4 This bill would legalize sports and event wagering in the state. The state's share of revenue will be used primarily for funding of public education. 11/3/2020 Passed
Maryland SB 1028 This bill would authorize the General Assembly to increase or add Executive Department items in the budget bill. With this, the governor would only be allowed to veto items related to the Executive Department that were increased or added by the General Assembly. 11/3/2020 Passed
Massachusetts No. 19-06 This proposed law would require that motor vehicle owners and independent repair facilities be provided with expanded access to mechanical data related to vehicle maintenance and repair. 11/3/2020 Passed
Massachusetts No. 19-10 This proposed law would establish ranked choice voting for use in primary and general elections for all statewide offices, state legislative offices, federal congressional offices, and certain other offices beginning in 2022. Ranked-choice voting would not be used in elections for president, county commissioner, or regional district school committee member. 11/3/2020 Failed
Michigan Proposal 20-2 This amendment would prohibit unreasonable searches or seizures of a person’s electronic data and electronic communications. It would require a search warrant to access a person’s electronic data or electronic communications, under the same conditions currently required for the government to obtain a search warrant to search a person’s house or seize a person’s things. 11/3/2020 Passed
Mississippi TBD This referendum would approve a new state flag design, which will be recommended by the Commission to Redesign the Mississippi State Flag by September 14, 2020. 11/3/2020 Passed
Mississippi Initiative 65 This initiative would legalize marijuana for qualified persons with defined debilitating medical conditions without approval of their physicians but provided by licensed treatment centers. 11/3/2020 Passed
Mississippi Initiative 65A This constitutional amendment is proposed as a legislative alternative measure to Initiative Measure No. 65 and would establish a program to allow the medical use of marijuana products by qualified persons with debilitating medical conditions. 11/3/2020 Failed
Missouri Amendment 1 This amendment would extend the two term restriction that currently applies to the Governor and Treasurer to the Lt. Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor and the Attorney General. 11/3/2020 Failed
Missouri Amendment 3 This amendment would ban all lobbyist gifts to legislators and their employees; reduce legislative campaign contribution limits; and create a citizen-led independent bipartisan commissions to draw state legislative districts. 11/3/2020 Passed
Montana Legislative Referendum No. 130 This amendment would restrict a local government from regulating the carry of firearms, including permitted concealed weapons, possession of firearms by convicted felons, adjudicated mental incompetents, undocumented immigrants, and minors. Federal and state firearm laws would remain unchanged. 11/3/2020 Passed
Montana Ballot Issue #14 - I-190 This measure would legalize possession and use of limited amounts of marijuana for adults over the age of 21. It establishes a 20% tax on non-medical marijuana. It allows a person currently serving a sentence for an act permitted by I-190 to apply for resentencing or an expungement of the conviction. 11/3/2020 Passed
Nebraska LR 1CA This amendment would eliminate a provision in the state constitution that states that slavery or involuntary servitude may be used as a punishment for conviction of a crime. 11/3/2020 Passed
Nebraska Initiative Measure 428 This measure would cap the interest rate payday lenders are allowed to charge at 36% and deem void and uncollectable any delayed deposittransaction made in violation of this rate cap. 11/3/2020 Passed
Nebraska Initiative Measure 430 This measure would allow games of chance to be conducted by authorized gaming operators within licensed racetrack enclosures in Nebraska; establish a Nebraska Gaming Commission to license and regulate such gaming; and amend and repeal existing sections of law to harmonize provisions consistent with the enactment of such statute. 11/3/2020 Passed
New Jersey Question 1 This amendment would legalize cannabis use for adults over the age of 21. The State commission created to oversee the State’s medical cannabis program would also oversee the new, personal use cannabis market. 11/3/2020 Passed
New Jersey Question 3 This amendment would allow a postponement of state legislative redistricting if New Jersey does not receive the federal Census data in a time manner. This change to the redistricting schedule will allow legislators to be elected in 2021 from their existing districts for their two-year term in office. 11/3/2020 Passed
New Mexico Amendment 1 This amendment would reduce the number of Public Regulation Commission (PRC) members to three, with no more than two members from the same political party. Members would no longer be elected, but instead would be appointed for six-year terms by the governor, with the consent of the senate, from a list of nominees submitted to the governor through a newly established Public Regulation Commission Nominating Committee. This would also narrow the scope of the PRC's constitutionally granted regulatory powers to public utilities, while still allowing the legislature to assign responsibility for the regulation of other public service companies to the commission by law. 11/3/2020 Passed
New Mexico Amendment 2 This amendment would allow the legislature to adjust the term of a state, county or district officer to align or stagger the election of officers for a particular state, county or district office throughout the state. No statewide elective office would be subject to adjustment. The proposed amendment also clarifies that officers elected to fill a vacancy in office shall take office on the first day of January following their election. 11/3/2020 Passed
Oregon HB 2270 This legislative referral would approve 2019 House Bill 2270 which increases the state cigarette tax and imposes tax on nicotine inhalant delivery systems at a rate of 65% of the wholesale price. 11/3/2020 Passed
Oregon Initiative 34 This initiative would establish a comprehensive regulatory framework concerning psilocybin products and psilocybin services under state law. 11/3/2020 Passed
Oregon Initiative 44 This initiative would decriminalize personal, noncommercial, low-level drug possession and establish a fund creating addiction recovery centers. 11/3/2020 Passed
South Dakota Constitutional Amendment A This ballot measure would legalize, regulate, and tax marijuana and require the Legislature to pass laws regarding hemp, including laws to ensure access to marijuana for medical use. 11/3/2020 Passed
South Dakota Measure 26 This initiative would legalize marijuana for medical use by qualifying patients, including minors. This initiative would legalize marijuana testing, manufacturing, and cultivation facilities, as well as marijuana dispensaries. 11/3/2020 Passed
South Dakota Amendment B This amendment would authorize sports betting within the City of Deadwood. 11/3/2020 Passed
Utah Legislative Referendum - SJR7 This legislative referendum would amend the state constitution by editing gender-specific terms to be gender neutral terms. 11/3/2020 Passed
Virginia Virginia Redistricting Commission Amendment This amendment would establish the Virginia Redistricting Commission, consisting of eight members of the General Assembly and eight citizens of the Commonwealth, and would be responsible for drawing the congressional and state legislative districts that will be subsequently voted on, but not changed by, the General Assembly and enacted without the Governor's involvement. 11/3/2020 Passed

SELECTED LOCAL BALLOT MEASURES

Initiatives, referenda, amendments and propositions are on the ballot in several states and localities. Below is a listing of qualified select ballot measures at the local level.

Disclaimer: The selected measures listed are not final and are subject to changes, additions, and eliminations. 

 

For additional information, please contact Meghan Holihan at msh@stateside.com

 

Last Updated: 11/18/2020 3:38PM EST

Municipality State Title/Name Summary Date Results
Los Angeles County California Measure R This measure would authorize the Sheriff Civilian Oversight Commission to develop a Comprehensive Public Safety Reinvestment Plan, which would aim to reduce jail population and incarceration. 3/3/2020 Passed
Mendocino County California Measure D This measure would levy a 10% transient occupancy tax on visitors to campsites, tent sites, RV sites, and similar accommodations at private campgrounds. 3/3/2020 Passed
Oklahoma City Oklahoma TBD This initiative would levy an additional 0.125% sales tax to fund City parks. 3/3/2020 Failed
San Diego California Measure C This measure would increase the City's hotel tax rates by 1.25% - 3.25% to fund convention center expansion projects, homelessness services, and street repairs. In order to pass, Measure C must receive at least 67% of the vote. 3/3/2020 Failed
San Francisco California Proposition E This proposition will place annual limits on new office space construction and ties the limit on Large Office Projects to the City's affordable housing production. 3/3/2020 Passed
San Francisco California Proposition D This proposition would impose an annual tax, effective January 1, 2021, on persons that keep ground floor commercial space in specified neighborhood commercial or neighborhood commercial transit districts vacant. In order to pass, Proposition D must receive at least 66.6% of the vote. 3/3/2020 Passed
Selma California Measure L This measure would approve the establishment of a licensed cardroom, or gambling establishment at a single location in the City's residential zone. 3/3/2020 Failed
Philadelphia Pennsylvania Question 1 This measure would amend the Home Rule Charter to create a permanent Department of Labor headed by a Cabinet-level director, to enforce city laws that protect Philadelphia workers and to oversee labor relations. 6/2/2020 Passed
Atlanta Georgia N/A This measure would establish a 1% sales tax in the City to fund water and sewer projects. 6/9/2020 Passed
Akron Ohio TBD This charter amendment would require the City of Akron police department to publicly release body camera footage and dash camera recordings of incidents in which deadly force has been used. 11/3/2020 Passed
Baltimore Maryland Question I This charter amendment would allow the City Council to remove Council members, the Council President, the Mayor, or the Comptroller by a two-thirds vote of City Council members. 11/3/2020 Passed
Columbus Ohio Issue 2 This measure would create the Civilian Police Review Board to have authority to investigate alleged police misconduct and subpoena testimony and evidence during investigations. 11/3/2020 Passed
King County Washington Amendment 1 This charter amendment would make inquests required when a member of a law enforcement agency's action, decision, or possible failure to offer appropriate care might have contributed to an individual's death and would require the county to assign an attorney to represent the decedent's family in the inquest proceeding. 11/3/2020 Passed
King County Washington Amendment 5 This charter amendment would return the position of King County sheriff to an appointed position with a requirement for consideration of community stakeholder input during the selection process. 11/3/2020 Passed
Los Angeles County California Measure J This measure would annually allocate in the County's budget no less than 10% of the County's locally generated unrestricted revenues in the general fund to address the disproportionate impact of racial injustice through community investment and alternatives to incarceration and would prohibit using those fund for carceral systems and law enforcement agencies. 11/3/2020 Passed
Multnomah County Oregon Measure 26-214 This measure would create a 1.5% tax on single persons or persons filing separately making over $125,000 and married persons filing jointly making over $200,000 annually, increasing to 2.3% in 2026. This would also implement an additional 1.5% tax on single persons or persons filing separately making over $250,000 and married persons filing jointly making over $400,000 annually. 11/3/2020 Passed
Norfolk Virginia TBD This measure would allow for casino gaming at a single establishment in the City. 11/3/2020 Passed
Oakland California Measure S1 This measure would create a new Office of the Inspector General which would be independent from the Police Department to conduct investigations into police misconduct. 11/3/2020 Passed
Philadelphia Pennsylvania Question 1 This measure would create the Office of the Victim Advocate to advocate for crime victims and to work with victim-services providers to coordinate, plan, train, educate, and investigate issues relating to crime victims. 11/3/2020 Passed
Philadelphia Pennsylvania Question 2 This measure would create a Citizens Police Oversight Commission, and authorize City Council to determine the composition, powers and duties of the Commission. 11/3/2020 Passed
Philadelphia Pennsylvania Question 3 This measure would call on the Police Department to eliminate the practice of stop and frisk, consistent with judicial precedent, meaning an officer must have reasonable suspicion that a person is engaged in criminal activity in order to stop that person, and, therefore, an officer cannot stop someone unlawfully because of their race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, religious affiliation or expression, or other protected characteristic. 11/3/2020 Passed
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania TBD This measure would amend and strengthen powers of the City's Citizen Police Review Board. 11/3/2020 Passed
Portland Maine Question A This measure would increase the City's minimum wage to $15 over a three year period. It also requires that employees be paid 1.5 times the minimum wage rate for any work performed during an emergency declared by the state or the municipality if that emergency applies to the employee’s geographical workplace. 11/3/2020 Passed
Portland Maine Question B This measure would prohibit the City of Portland and any City officials from obtaining, retaining, storing, possessing, accessing, using, or collecting any face surveillance system or any data or information derived from a face surveillance system or other use of face surveillance. 11/3/2020 Passed
Portland Oregon Measure 26-217 This measure would create a new police oversight board to investigate complaints and issue disciplinary action against sworn officers. 11/3/2020 Passed
San Diego California Measure P This measure would create an independent Commission on Police Practices. 11/3/2020 Passed
San Francisco City and County California Proposition C This measure would remove the requirement that people serving on City boards, commissions and advisory bodies be registered voters and United States citizens. 11/3/2020 Passed
San Francisco City and County California Proposition G This measure would lower the voting age to 16 years old for local elections. 11/3/2020 Failed
San Francisco City and County California Proposition E This measure would remove the requirement that the San Francisco Police Department maintain a minimum of 1,971 full-duty sworn police officers and replace the requirement with regular evaluations of police staffing levels. 11/3/2020 Passed
San Francisco City and County California Proposition F This measure would eliminate the payroll expense tax; permanently increase the registration fee for some businesses by $230-460, decreasing it for others; permanently increase gross receipts tax rates to 0.105-1.040%, exempting more small businesses; permanently increase the administrative office tax rate to 1.61%; if the City loses certain lawsuits, increase gross receipts tax rates on some businesses by 0.175-0.690% and the administrative office tax rate by 1.5%, and place a new 1% or 3.5% tax on gross receipts from commercial leases, for 20 years; and make other business tax changes; for estimated annual revenue of $97 million. 11/3/2020 Passed
San Francisco City and County California Proposition L This measure would place an additional tax permanently on some businesses in San Francisco when their highest-paid managerial employee earns more than 100 times the median compensation paid to their employees in San Francisco, where the additional tax rate would be between 0.1%-0.6% of gross receipts or between 0.4%-2.4% of payroll expense for those businesses in San Francisco, for an estimated revenue of between $60-140 million a year. 11/3/2020 Passed
Sonoma County California Measure P This proposed ordinance would repeal and replace current Code that established the Independent Office of Law Enforcement Review and Outreach (IOLERO). The proposed ordinance would expand oversight authority and independence of the IOLERO to review and analyze complaints against the Sonoma County Sheriff's Office and would also include and expand the Community Advisory Council. 11/3/2020 Passed
St. Louis Missouri Proposition T This measure would authorize a 7.5% gross receipts tax on telecommunication providers and fiber network providers that are not subject to franchise fees. 11/3/2020 Failed
Washington District of Columbia Initiative 81 This initiative would decriminalize psychedelic plants. 11/3/2020 Passed